Past continuous uporabim pri:

1. NEDOVRŠNEM DEJANJU

V PRETEKLOSTI.

I was reading a nice book.

She wasn’t painting in the studio.

Were they repairing the car?

2. NEDOVRŠNEM DEJANJU,

KI JE TEKLO V DOLOČENEM

TRENUTKU V PRETEKLOSTI.

We were watching the news at 19:30. 

(we started watching the news at 19:00 and finished at 19:50, at 19:30 we were in the middle of watching the news)

A: What was he doing yesterday at 11 p.m.?

B: He was sleeping.

(he went to bed at 10 p.m. and woke up the next morning but at 11 p.m. he was in the middle of sleeping)

This time last week we were having a holiday.

3. DVEH NEDOVRŠNIH DEJANJIH

V PRETEKLOSTI,

KI TEČETA ISTOČASNO.

I was making dinner and the radio was playing some nice music.

While Mary was studying for the exam, John was watching TV.

We were reading and the kids were drawing.

4. POGOSTO V KOMBINACIJI

S PAST SIMPLE ČASOM.

S past continuous časom označimo daljše dejanje, tisto, ki “teče v ozadju”.

S past simple časom označimo krajše dejanje, ki prekine daljše dejanje v past continuous času.

Prekinitev dejanja je lahko resnična:

When I was doing the dishes, my phone rang. (so I stopped doing the dishes and I answered the phone)

Prekinitev dejanja je lahko le navidezna:

Jack was cleaning the flat when the postman came. (Jack continued cleaning the flat and thought that he must empty the mailbox later)

While I was jogging, I saw a deer.

We were eating when Josh came.

While she was swimming, she got sick.

I wasn’t reading when she came in.

5. PAST CONTINUOUS

KOT OZADJE ZGODBE.

Past continuous lahko uporabimo, da orišemo, predstavimo ozadje zgodbe.

The trip to the beach was so much fun. The sun was shining, the children were playing in the sun and running around. The adults were enjoying a game of badminton and a chilled glass of wine. Suddenly some black clouds came out of nowhere…

6. DEJANJU, KI SE PONAVLJA,

IN GA GOVOREC VIDI, DOŽIVLJA

KOT NADLEŽNO, NEPRIJETNO.

Pogosto z ALWAYS, CONSTANTLY.

Jack was always forgetting his keys. 

(and we hated it)

Sarah was constantly coming to school without books. 

(and I didn’t like it)

1. V trdilnem stavku past continuous tense

tvorim tako, da za osebnim zaimkom

(ali imenom oziroma nazivom stvari, živali ...),

ki stoji na začetku stavka,

postavim pomožni glagol BE v ustrezni obliki

in glavni glagol, ki ima končnico -ing.

Oblika pomožnega glagola BE je odvisna od tega,

kateri zaimek postavimo predenj:

I, you, he, she, it, we in they.

Pri zaimkih I, he, she, in it je glagol BE v obliki WAS.

Pri zaimkih you, we, in they je glagol BE v obliki WERE.

V trdilnih in vprašalnih stavkih lahko glagol BE

uporabljam samo na dolg način.

Pri zanikanju lahko glagol BE uporabim

na daljši ali krajši način.

PRIMERI:

I was reading a book.

You were shopping.

She was not swimming. / She wasn't swimming.

We were not watching TV. / We weren't watching TV.

Was it raining? Yes, it was. / No it wasn't.

Were they dancing? Yes, they were. / No, they weren't.

kateri zaimek postavimo predenj:

2. Glagol BE je POMOŽNI GLAGOL,

njegov namen je, da pomaga. Kako?

Pomaga pri ZANIKANJU in POSTAVLJANJU VPRAŠANJ.

Pri zanikanju BE pomaga tako,

da nase veže angleško besedo za zanikanje NOT.

BE lahko uporabim v daljši ali krajši obliki.

PRIMERI:

I was not running. / I wasn't running.

You were not singing. / You weren't singing.

We were not watching TV. / We weren't watching TV.

It was not raining. / It wasn't raining.

kateri zaimek postavimo predenj:

Pri postavljanju vprašanj glagol BE pomaga tako,

da ga postavimo na začetek vprašanja (DA / NE vprašanja)

ali takoj za vprašalnico (who, where, when, why...)

pri informativnih vprašanjih.

Pri vprašanjih glagola BE

ne moremo krajšati.

Glagol BE lahko skrajšamo

v kratkem nikalnem odgovoru.

(No, I wasn't. No, we weren't)

DA / NE VPRAŠANJA IN ODGOVORI:

Was I dreaming?

Yes, I was. / No, wasn't.

Were they walking?

Yes, they were. / No, they weren't.

Was he skiing?

Yes, he was. / No, he wasn't.

INFORMATIVNA VPRAŠANJA:

Where were they working?

When was she writing a book?

What was he doing in your house?

1. Večini glagolov dodamo končnico -ing.

I was working all day.

He was cooking a stew.

They were eating lunch.

work - working / cook - cooking / eat - eating

2. Glagoli, ki se v osnovni obliki končajo na -e,

izgubijo -e, ko dodamo končnico -ing.

We were dancing.

She wasn't driving a car.

Were they having a good time?

dance - dancing / drive - driving / have - having

3. Pri enozložnih glagolih (imajo en zlog),

ki se končajo na soglasnik + samoglasnik + soglasnik,

zadnji soglasnik podvojimo in dodamo končnico -ing.

Nikoli ne podvajamo črk -x, -y, in -w.

I was running to school.

Were you stirring the sauce?

He wasn't swimming in the lake.

run - running / stir - stirring / swim - swimming

4. Pri glagolih, ki se končajo na -ie,

se -ie spremeni v -y, nato dodamo še -ing.

He was tying his shoes.

Were you lying to me?

I was not dying, I just had a flu!

tie - tying / lie - lying / die - dying

TABELA:

Oblike in raba

past continuous časa v PDF obliki.